We all are well aware of Newspapers, we start our day with fresh newspaper and a cup of tea/coffee. Newspapers hasve very interesting history, this article tell you how the concept of newspaper started and how it evolved over the period of time.
During the Tang Dynasty in China (618–906), the Kaiyuan Za Bao published the government news; it was block-printed onto paper. It is sometimes considered one of the earliest newspapers to be published. In China, Between 713 and 734, early government-produced news-sheets, circulated among court officials. Bulletin of the Court, the government news was handwritten on silk and read by government officials only. First private newspaper was published in 1582 in Beijing. In 1766, a Dutch adventurer, William Bolts, proposed starting a newspaper for the English audience in Calcutta. He was deported by the East India Company, before his plans could come to fruition.
The modern newspaper is a European invention. In early modern europe cross-border interaction created the need for information. In 1556, the government of Venice first published the monthly news sheet. These sheets were handwritten and used to convey political, military, and economic news quickly and efficiently to Italian cities during 1500-1700. The first newspaper of modern Germany was the Avisa, published in 1609 in Wolfenbüttel. After the English government relaxed censorship in 1695, newspapers flourished in London and a few other cities including Boston and Philadelphia. The first english language newspaper was published in 1620 in Amsterdam, a center of world trade and quickly became home to newspapers in many languages.
By the 1830s high speed presses could print thousands of papers cheaply, so low cost daily papers appeared in major cities. Most had political sponsors, but by 1900 advertising revenues became more important than party support. In New York City newspaper wars pushed circulation to the level of a million copies a day. In England and Scotland the tendency was for national newspapers to dominate sales. The rise of radio in the 1930s had a small impact but television from the 1950s onward undercut the audience. Afternoon papers could barely survive. The rise of the internet after 2000 and smart phones after 2010 proved financially crippling to morning papers as advertisers deserted, and subscriptions plunged.
The oldest newspaper still in existence was first published in sweden in 1645. It now publishes solely online.
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